“..Sardines are considered a sustainable seafood – one of the few fish you can eat guilt-free – right?
Well, not exactly.
Forage fish like sardines and anchovies are the key players in huge but delicate food webs known as wasp-waist ecosystems.
These are so complex and dynamic that it’s questionable whether we have the know-how to manage them well yet.
And as we’ve learned the hard way from examples off California, Peru, Japan, and Namibia -
- wasp-waist ecosystems collapse catastrophically whenever the stresses of climate change intersect with the stresses of overfishing..”
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